Ray uses the helicopter to rescue his wife and daughter and destroy it. It could be tomorrow or it could be 10 years or more from now. La Faille de San Andreas est l’endroit où la plaque tectonique Pacifique s’éloigne vers le Nord-Est par rapport à la plaque Nord-américaine. ; Défaut, faiblesse. Découvrez nos univers lifestyle, sport, découverte et voyage. Click here to request Getty Images Premium Access through IBM Creative Design Services. National Geographic. That's an abandoned silver mine by the San Andreas fault. Ce mouvement est créé par des forces de cisaillement. While the southern section of the fault and the parts through Parkfield experience earthquakes, the rest of the central section of the fault exhibits a phenomenon called aseismic creep, where the fault slips continuously without causing earthquakes. Et la crainte quen surgisse un fatal Big One. One of the geographical faults running through San Andreas, California. Les études scientifiques nous éclairent donc sur la rupture de cette faille et ses causes. As it passes the towns of Gorman, Tejon Pass and Frazier Park, the fault begins to bend northward, forming the "Big Bend". 29 Trail Tours LLC, Joshua Tree Picture: Faille de San Andreas (au loin) - Check out Tripadvisor members' 2,572 candid photos and videos of 29 Trail Tours LLC It is often described as having been named after San Andreas Lake, a small body of water that was formed in a valley between the two plates. Eleven years later, Lawson discovered that the San Andreas Fault stretched southward into southern California after reviewing the effects of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The Elkhorn Scarp defines the fault trace along much of its length within the plain. The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) through California. The San Andreas Fault is shifting. San Andreas fault . fr Pour l'Union européenne, la faille de San Andreas est celle qui sépare les sept États membres qui sont de grands contributeurs nets des autres. "San Andreas" is a popcorn disaster movie, a genre that was usual in the 70's, but with state-of-art special effects. La rupture de la faille de San Andreas relève du domaine de l'insolite, de l'aléatoire et du prévisible. (In this region around the San Francisco Bay Area several significant "sister faults" run more-or-less parallel, and each of these can create significantly destructive earthquakes.) Comparison of North Anatolian and San Andreas faults) 4. La faille de San Andreas est probablement le phénomène géologique le plus étudié du monde. The southern segment (also known as the Mojave segment) begins near Bombay Beach, California. This complicated evolution, especially along the southern segment, is mostly caused by either the "Big Bend" and/or a difference in the motion vector between the plates and the trend of the fault and its surrounding branches. Un paysage déformé par la faille de San Andreas visible dans les collines de Mecca, en Californie. 1:59. The fault divides into three segments, each with different characteristics and a different degree of earthquake risk. Europarl8. It forms the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, and its motion is right-lateral strike-slip (horizontal). The same report also estimated there is a 7% probability that an earthquake of magnitude 8.0 or greater will occur in the next 30 years somewhere along the San Andreas Fault. San Diego, Los Angeles and Big Sur are on the Pacific Plate. Translation of "faille de San Andreas" in English. These geological features are what are chiefly seen along San Andreas Fault. Due to the frequency of predictable activity, Parkfield has become one of the most important areas in the world for large earthquake research. He steals a pickup truck; an airplane from the hangar; and a boat to save his daughter apparently with no consequences. San Andreas (2015) cast and crew credits, including actors, actresses, directors, writers and more. Faille de San Andreas ... Concernant les conséquences d’un tel événement, tout est dit dans le papier ! La faille de San Andreas marque la frontière le long de laquelle les plaques nord-américaine et pacifique coulissent horizontalement. Find the perfect Faille De San Andreas stock illustrations from Getty Images. In particular, scientific research performed during the last 23 years has given rise to about 3,400 publications.[14]. {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}}, {{ winBackSelfRenewNotification.cta_text }}, {{ winBackContactUsNotification.cta_text }}, View {{carousel.total_number_of_results}} results. San Andreas fault (see map 1), which has led to active scientific collaborations between scientists in Turkey and the US aimed at understanding the hazards both countries face. En cause : l’inévitable réveil de la faille de San Andreas qui parcourt la région sur 1300 km. From Fort Ross, the northern segment continues overland, forming in part a linear valley through which the Gualala River flows. The slip rate along the fault ranges from 20 to 35 mm (0.79 to 1.38 in)/yr.[1]. Avec, le long de la côte, la colossale faille de San Andreas, ses 1300 kilomètres de long et ses 140 km de large. Fiche info faille de san andreas 1452 mots | 6 pages Fiche info faille de san andreas La faille de San Andreas est la faille la plus connue de l’ensemble des failles présentes à la frontière entre la plaque Nord-Américaine et la plaqu[pic]e Nord-Pacifique qui sépare le sud-ouest de la … Sie ist das jüngste von acht Kindern des belgischen Grafen Philippe de Lannoy (1922-2019) und seiner Gemahlin Alix, geborene della Faille de Leverghem (1941-2012). English. Vue aérienne de la faille de San Andreas dans la plaine de Carrizo, Californie centrale La faille de San Andreas La faille de San Andreas, située en Californie, est une faille géologique, en décrochement, à la jonction des plaques tectoniques du Pacifique et de l'Amérique. According to this study, a massive earthquake on that southern section of the San Andreas fault would result in major damage to the Palm Springs–Indio metropolitan area and other cities in San Bernardino, Riverside and Imperial counties in California, and Mexicali Municipality in Baja California. The rest of the motion has been found in an area east of the Sierra Nevada mountains called the Walker Lane or Eastern California Shear Zone. English Translation of “la faille de San Andrea” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Related Videos . In Palmdale, a portion of the fault is easily examined at a roadcut for the Antelope Valley Freeway. the region around Los Angeles, because massive earthquakes have occurred relatively recently on the central (1857) and northern (1906) segments of the fault, while the southern section has not seen any similar rupture for at least 300 years. La faille de San Andreas, située en Californie, est une faille géologique, en décrochement, à la jonction des plaques tectoniques pacifique et nord-américaine. (En particulier) Point faible qui permet une attaque.Rien dans ses agissements, ses relations, n. un taux bas, à l'inverse, peut signifier une anémie ou une hémorragie Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas. Das ist eine verlassene Silbermine beim San-Andreas-Graben. This restraining bend is thought to be where the fault locks up in Southern California, with an earthquake-recurrence interval of roughly 140–160 years. Cette faille de San Andreas est donc un des plus importants points faibles des États-Unis. Cette frontière géologique, entre les plaques océaniques pacifique et continentale nord-américaine, est propice aux phénomènes sismiques de grande ampleur. La zone de la faille de San Andreas n'a pas rompue depuis 1680, il y a donc trois siècles. Northwest of Frazier Park, the fault runs through the Carrizo Plain, a long, treeless plain where much of the fault is plainly visible. Hakim Moulouel, Luca Micarelli, Isabelle Moretti, Djamel Machane, Fracturation des carbonates dans la zone de faille normale active d’Aigion (Grèce) à partir des carottes du puits: conséquences sur les propriétés de transfert de fluides, Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, 10.2113/gssgfbull.186.6.387, 186, 6, (387-397), (2015). In 2004, work began just north of Parkfield on the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD). The evidence also shows the rupture direction going from north to south in each of these time-correlated events. 3] Faille décrochante (Strike-slip Fault)Dans le cas d'une faille décrochante, le mouvement entre les blocs de par et d'autre de la faille est horizontal. Étant donné le mouvement, des tremblements de terre devraient relâcher environ 5 mètres de mouvement accumulé de plaques sur cent ans. English. [9]. Cette route a été coupée en deux par une faille: il s'agit d'une rupture brutale des roches entrainant le mouvement des deux blocs rocheux de part et d'autre de la faille. La faille de San Andreas traverse la Californie. This has led to the formation of the Transverse Ranges in Southern California, and to a lesser but still significant extent, the Santa Cruz Mountains (the location of the Loma Prieta earthquake in 1989). Several hypotheses have been offered and research is ongoing. [18] A different USGS study in 2008 tried to assess the physical, social and economic consequences of a major earthquake in southern California. San Andreas est un film réalisé par Brad Peyton avec Dwayne Johnson, Carla Gugino. [13], The San Andreas Fault System has been the subject of a flood of studies. Vue les changements d'orientations du système de failles, surtout autour de l'agglomération de Los Angeles, il est très peu probable qu'un séisme rompant la faille sur la totalité de sa longueur puisse se produire un jour. Box Canyon, near the Salton Sea, contains upturned strata associated with that section of the fault. Collect, curate and comment on your files. French. 2 : répartition en profondeur des foyers sismiques le long de la coupe AB : A BCoupe A B AB . It goes back offshore at Point Arena. It eventually occurred in 2004. Faille de San Andreas превод на речника френски български на Glosbe, онлайн речник, безплатно. 1c, New Scripps Study Reveals San Andreas Fault Set for the 'Big One', "Scientists Search for a Pulse in Skies Above Earthquake Country", Thule Scientific Interactive Map of the San Andreas Fault, Rescue Lineament-Bear Mountains fault zone, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=San_Andreas_Fault&oldid=999764289, Geography of Los Angeles County, California, Geography of San Bernardino County, California, Geography of San Mateo County, California, Geography of Santa Clara County, California, Geology of Los Angeles County, California, Geology of San Bernardino County, California, Articles with failed verification from July 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with failed verification from April 2019, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 21:07. Un tremblement de terre de cette ampleur serait dramatique d’un point de vue humain et financier. Si comme dans l'animation le bloc de droite part vers la gauche (par rapport à l'autre bloc), la faille est dite senestre (et dextre dans le cas inverse). Other results. San Andreas Fault in California. As the relative motion between the Pacific and North American Plates was different from the relative motion between the Farallon and North American Plates, the spreading ridge began to be "subducted", creating a new relative motion and a new style of deformation along the plate boundaries. La Californie est en alerte : une série de petits tremblements de terre a été enregistrée cette semaine, près de la faille de San Andreas. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Page 2 Aux limites de plaques 27 février 2019 Sweet Home California bloom , california valley , carrizo plain , faille de san andreas , plaine de carrizo , san andreas fault , superbloom G.B. "La faille de San Andreas et les deux failles Hayward et Calaveras nord (qui traversent la baie de San Francisco nldr) ont été calmes pendant des décennies. Et, à bien y regarder, la faille de Hayward, située de l’autre côté de la baie de San Francisco par rapport à celle de San Andreas, n’a pas bougé depuis le séisme de 1868, dont on fête les 150 ans en octobre. One hypothesis – which gained interest following the Landers earthquake in 1992 – suggests the plate boundary may be shifting eastward away from the San Andreas towards Walker Lane. [16], Nevertheless, in the 14 years since that publication there has not been a substantial quake in the Los Angeles area, and two major reports issued by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) have made variable predictions as to the risk of future seismic events. This study also found that the risk of a large earthquake may be increasing more rapidly than scientists had previously believed. Du fait de sa fragilité, elle devient une cible facile de missiles nucléaires de pays opposants, qui auraient pour but de rompre la faille, ce qui engendrerait la déstabilisation totale du pays. Quelque 200 mini-séismes de magnitude 1,4 à 4,3 sur l'échelle de Richter ont été relevés, dans une zone située à 2 heures de Los Angeles et à moins de 10 km de la faille, près de la frontière mexicaine au niveau du lac Salton Sea. 3] Faille décrochante (Strike-slip Fault)Dans le cas d'une faille décrochante, le mouvement entre les blocs de par et d'autre de la faille est horizontal. Find the perfect Faille De San Andreas stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. This system added the San Gabriel Fault as a primary focus of movement between 10–5 Ma. Turkey has a long history of large earthquakes, which have occurred in progressive adjacent The southwestward motion of the North American Plate towards the Pacific is creating compressional forces along the eastern side of the fault. Seismologists discovered that the San Andreas Fault near Parkfield in central California consistently produces a magnitude 6.0 earthquake approximately once every 22 years. Following recorded seismic events in 1857, 1881, 1901, 1922, 1934, and 1966, scientists predicted that another earthquake should occur in Parkfield in 1993. This repository is populated with tens of thousands of assets and should be your first stop for asset selection. Le séisme de San Francisco en 1906 de magnitude 8.3 est le plus célèbre de l'histoire car il fut le premier séisme de cet ampleur à affecter un pays occidental industrialisé, alors que la sismologie venait juste de naître à la fin du 20 ème siècle.Ce fut aussi le premier à être étudié en détail à l'aide de techniques scientifiques. Intro : De San Francisco, au nord-ouest, à la frontière du Mexique, au sud-est, sur une distance de 1 000 km environ, court la célèbre faille de San Andreas. Select 100 images or less to download. The fault was first identified in Northern California by UC Berkeley geology professor Andrew Lawson in 1895 and named by him after the Laguna de San Andreas, a small lake which lies in a linear valley formed by the fault just south of San Francisco. Näide lausetes "Faille de San Andreas", tõlkemälu. Selon les scientifiques, les séismes de grande ampleur se produisent dans la zone en moyenne tous les 150 ou 200 ans. The San Andreas Fault is the drifting boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate. [19], A 2008 paper, studying past earthquakes along the Pacific coastal zone, found a correlation in time between seismic events on the northern San Andreas Fault and the southern part of the Cascadia subduction zone (which stretches from Vancouver Island to northern California). It also includes a possible driver for the deformation of the Basin and Range, separation of the Baja California Peninsula, and rotation of the Transverse Range. [16] Search from Faille De San Andreas stock photos, pictures and royalty-free images from iStock. [5], The Pacific Plate, to the west of the fault, is moving in a northwest direction while the North American Plate to the east is moving toward the southwest, but relatively southeast under the influence of plate tectonics. San Andreas Fault Zone The San Andreas Fault Zone is located in San Francisco, California and is more than 800 miles long and at least 10 miles deep. Last Update: 2018-02-13 Usage Frequency: 1 Quality: Reference: Wikipedia. Older buildings would be especially prone to damage or collapse, as would buildings built on unconsolidated gravel or in coastal areas where water tables are high (and thus subject to soil liquefaction). [7][8], Assuming the plate boundary does not change as hypothesized, projected motion indicates that the landmass west of the San Andreas Fault, including Los Angeles, will eventually slide past San Francisco, then continue northwestward toward the Aleutian Trench, over a period of perhaps twenty million years. AFP. Reportage en plein désert dans les entrailles du monstre.C’est un monstre rampant souterrain de 1300 km. La faille de san andreas. Type: noun; (geology) One of the geographical faults running through San Andreas, California. An array of sensors will be installed to record earthquakes that happen near this area. [10] At this time, a spreading center between the Pacific Plate and the Farallon Plate (which is now mostly subducted, with remnants including the Juan de Fuca Plate, Rivera Plate, Cocos Plate, and the Nazca Plate) was beginning to reach the subduction zone off the western coast of North America. Conséquences de la faille de san andreas. La faille de San Andreas qui longe la plaque tectonique dans les sous-sols de la Californie a décidé de bouger. Currently, it is believed that the modern San Andreas will eventually transfer its motion toward a fault within the Eastern California Shear Zone. La faille de San Andreas se divise donc en trois parties indépendantes, elles-mêmes divisées en plusieurs segments. A study published in 2006 in the journal Nature found that the San Andreas fault has reached a sufficient stress level for an earthquake of magnitude greater than 7.0 on the moment magnitude scale to occur. On voit très bien la dérive des continents et la faille de San Andreas... One sees very well the continental drift and the fault of San Andreas... La faille de San Andreas est en train de changer. La côte ouest se situe sur la faille décrochante de San Andreas, une zone de fracture de plus de 1 000 km de long allant jusqu’au Mexique. Find high-quality stock photos that you won't find anywhere else. The northern segment of the fault runs from Hollister, through the Santa Cruz Mountains, epicenter of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake, then up the San Francisco Peninsula, where it was first identified by Professor Lawson in 1895, then offshore at Daly City near Mussel Rock. Imaginez une seule et même faille s’étalant sur plus de 20 km (faille de El Asnam, en Algérie) voire 1300 km comme le groupement des failles de San Andreas en Californie (à gauche, photo USGS). The San Andreas began to form in the mid Cenozoic about 30 Mya (million years ago). fr La faille de San Andreas passer la colonne vertébrale de Californie. This idea, which was considered radical at the time, has since been vindicated by modern plate tectonics.[12]. a major geological fault in California; runs from San Diego to San Francisco; the source of serious earthquakes. Découverte d'un corps sur l'Everest grâce à une photo de drone. [17], The U.S. Geological Survey most recent forecast, known as UCERF3 (Uniform California Earthquake Rupture Forecast 3), released in November 2013, estimated that an earthquake of magnitude 6.7 M or greater (i.e. It splits California in two from Cape Mendocino to the Mexican border. Ils espèrent pouvoir en déduire le moment « approximatif » d'un grand séisme, ou celui du «Big One [4] ». Vol de voitures aggravé : San Andreas. The reason for this is not clear. Plus de 830000 personnes sont mortes en 1556 San Andreas et les autres failles du monde Faille de San Andreas Traversant la région côtière californienne, la faille de San Andreas est l'une des plus célèbres fractures de l'écorce terrestre. Boards are the best place to save images and video clips. After that, it runs underwater along the coast until it nears Cape Mendocino, where it begins to bend to the west, terminating at the Mendocino Triple Junction. La photo ci-dessous montre la faille de San Andréas (USA) qui découpe le continent sur plus de 1000 km de long! Ce mouvement est créé par des forces de cisaillement. [11] The first known incarnation of the southern part of the fault was Clemens Well-Fenner-San Francisquito fault zone around 22–13 Ma. The northwest movement of the Pacific Plate is also creating significant compressional forces which are especially pronounced where the North American Plate has forced the San Andreas to jog westward. Les sismologues utilisent le laser pour mesurer d'infimes déplacements. Ce qui laisserait présager un réveil prochain. Suggest an example. Scribd es red social de lectura y publicación más importante del mundo. Your team’s Premium Access agreement is expiring soon. Too many images selected. Преглед на milions думи и фрази на всички езици. Si comme dans l'animation le bloc de droite part vers la gauche (par rapport à l'autre bloc), la faille est dite senestre (et dextre dans le cas inverse). faille de San Andreas. (Map 1. The central segment of the San Andreas Fault runs in a northwestern direction from Parkfield to Hollister. Le tremblement de terre majeur serait donc à venir. Ça me filerait une hernie grande comme la faille de San Andreas. Ce dimanche 24 février, la météo prévoyait du beau temps et les conditions étaient réunies, c'était le jour idéal pour aller observer de plus près l'arrière-pays Californien, en particulier la. Large-scale (hundreds of miles) lateral movement along the fault was first proposed in a 1953 paper by geologists Mason Hill and Thomas Dibblee. The San Andreas is California's great 700 mile seismic divide, marking the boundary where two of the earth's major crustal slabs ("tectonic plates") slide past each other. That study predicted that a magnitude 7.8 earthquake along the southern San Andreas Fault could cause about 1,800 deaths and $213 billion in damage. The fault continues northwest alongside the Elizabeth Lake Road to the town of Elizabeth Lake. The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) through California. San Andreas – Chanson principale – « California Dreamin' » de Sia Résumé: « Lorsque la tristement célèbre Faille de San Andreas finit par s’ouvrir et par provoquer un séisme de magnitude 9 en Californie, un pilote d’hélicoptère de secours (Dwayne Johnson) et la femme dont il est séparé quittent Los Angeles pour San Francisco dans l’espoir de sauver leur fille unique. In 1953, geologist Thomas Dibblee concluded that hundreds of miles of lateral movement could occur along the fault. At its closest, this fault passes about 35 miles (56 km) to the northeast of Los Angeles. equal to or greater than the 1994 Northridge earthquake) occurs about once every 6.7 years statewide. Such a large earthquake on this southern segment would kill thousands of people in Los Angeles, San Bernardino, Riverside, and surrounding areas, and cause hundreds of billions of dollars in damage. The fault returns onshore at Bolinas Lagoon just north of Stinson Beach in Marin County. English Translation for faille de San Andreas - dict.cc Danish-English Dictionary The rate of slippage averages about 33 to 37 millimeters (1.3 to 1.5 in) a year across California.[6]. The IBM strategic repository for digital assets such as images and videos is located at dam.ibm.com. Dans la culture. Studies of the relative motions of the Pacific and North American plates have shown that only about 75 percent of the motion can be accounted for in the movements of the San Andreas and its various branch faults. The main southern section of the San Andreas Fault proper has only existed for about 5 million years. [4] The fault then runs along the southern base of the San Bernardino Mountains, crosses through the Cajon Pass and continues northwest along the northern base of the San Gabriel Mountains. 10 Facts about San Andreas Fault The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1300 km (810 miles) through California. Même si San Francisco fut rapidement reconstruite, le désastre redirigea et relocalisa commerces, industries et population vers le sud, à Los Angeles, qui au cours du XX e siècle devint la métropole la plus importante de l'Ouest des États-Unis, bien que le rapport Lawson démontrait que la même faille de San Andreas qui fut à l'origine du séisme est également proche de Los Angeles. The ability to predict major earthquakes with sufficient precision to warrant increased precautions has remained elusive. add example. 12 Ma in the Ancestral Cascades arc, Walker Lane belt of California and Nevada", "Worldwide trends in research on the San Andreas Fault System", "NASA Radar Provides 3-D View of San Andreas Fault", National Aeronautics and Space Administration, "Interseismic strain accumulation and the earthquake potential on the southern San Andreas fault System", "Earthquake prediction: a critical review", "Earthquakes Along The Cascadia And San Andreas Faults May Be Linked, Affecting Risk To San Francisco Bay Region", The Parkfield, California, Earthquake Experiment, San Andreas Fault Zone Observatory at Depth, International Continental Scientific Drilling Program, Complete Report for San Andreas fault zone, Peninsula section (Class A) No. Par contre elle ne passe pas au Mexique. The effect is expressed as the Coast Ranges. If I lifted them I'd get a hernia the size of the San Andreas Fault. Synopsis : Lorsque la tristement célèbre Faille de San Andreas finit par s'ouvrir, et par provoquer un. Nous savons que la rupture sera causée par un important séisme nommé "Big One" qui … The southern segment, which stretches from Parkfield in Monterey County all the way to the Salton Sea, is capable of an 8.1-magnitude earthquake. © 2021 Getty Images. [2] Following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, Lawson concluded that the fault extended all the way into southern California. The fault divides into three segments, each with different characteristics and a different degree of earthquake risk. Elle a déjà provoqué des séismes dévastateurs en Californie. For other uses, see, Arrows show relative motion of the two plates, San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Geologic timeline of Western North America, "Box Canyon, near Palm Springs, California", "San Andreas fault capable of magnitude 8.1 earthquake over 340-mile swath of California, researchers say", "Present-Day Crustal Movements and the Mechanics of Cyclic Deformation", "Birth of a plate boundary at ca. However, according to some of his reports from 1895 and 1908, Lawson actually named it after the surrounding San Andreas Valley. Faille de San Andreas en Californie. {{collectionsDisplayName(searchView.appliedFilters)}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleImages()}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleEvents()}}. La reciente actividad sísmica que se sintió en el sur de California renovó los temores a que se produzca un gran sismo. Their postulated event began with a rupture six miles deep under Quail Lake, near Tejon Pass. ViaMichelin vous indique la distance exacte à parcourir entre Italie et San Remo, en fonction de l'itinéraire emprunté. This is the approximate location of the epicenter of the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. Dans le désert présent entre Nazca et Arequipa, il est possible d'observer la faille de Nazca qui est l'impressionnante visualisation de la rencontre entre la plaque de Nazca et la plaque Américaine.Cette faille est facilement observable depuis la ro PLAQUE SUD-AMERICAINE Limite de plaque Doc. Scientists believe quakes on the Cascadia subduction zone may have triggered most of the major quakes on the northern San Andreas within the past 3,000 years. Au sud, dans la région de Los Angeles, c’est depuis 300 ans que la Terre sommeille. A project called the San Andreas Fault Observatory at Depth (SAFOD) near Parkfield, Monterey County, was drilled through the fault during 2004–2007 to collect material and make physical and chemical observations to better understand fault behavior.[3]. Cette faille est à l'origine de plusieurs centaines de séismes par an, dont tous ne sont pas ressentis, mais qui, pour quelques-uns, ont des effets catastrophiques.